What is Tourism?
Everyone is being ‘’Tourist’’ At some point in time in their life. Sometimes due to need or leisure. Tourism is life-changing, it offers you the opportunity to experience the real world on go. You not only learn but also understand the basis of everything which exists at the destination.
What is Tourism exactly?
To put in simple words, when an individual moves out from his natural environment to another for leisure, business or other purposes not more than 1 year it is called tourism.
Let me Explain by Example
A: Shyan & Sita are going to Ibiza for their 10th Anniversary.
It’s Leisure Tourism.
B: Sheikh Mohammed traveling to India from Afghanistan for the liver transplant.
It’s Medical tourism
Purpose of travel can be different but the essence remains the same.
Kinds of Tourism :
There are 3 types of tourism based on its final destination
Outbound tourism is what you may be most familiar with. It involves the people going from one country to another for the purpose of leisure, business etc
If you are traveling from New Delhi India to Denpasar Indonesia it is considered as outbound tourism.
Inbound Tourism is one of the most important source of revenue generation for the governments to earn more & more foreign exchange. Most of the governments strive hard to create tourist-friendly infrastructure.
If a tourist is traveling from this home country say United States to India it is considered as Inbound Tourism for India.
If Alex travels from the USA to New Delhi, India it is considered as inbound Tourism.
Domestic tourism is the most important kind in all, it provides around the year revenue for all the stakeholders at the destinations. Mostly supported by the state governments of the country.
If a person travels from home his home state to any other state for the purpose of business, leisure etc it is considered as domestic tourism.
If Mr. Swamy a native of Andhra Pradesh travel from Hyderabad to New Delhi along with his family, it is considered as Domestic Tourism.
Tourism is a dynamic and competitive industry that requires the ability to adapt constantly to customers’ changing needs and desires, as the customer’s satisfaction, safety and enjoyment are particularly the focus of tourism businesses.
Types of Tourism :
There are various types of Tourism, let us understand each one of them
Adventure tourism is very famous amongst youngsters & adventure seekers.This tourism is good for confidence building and making individual heart strong.This involves activities which require special training & skills.But post taking such activities, you will have big confidence in yourself and you would strong enough to face various challenges in your life. Some of the famous Adventure sports are sea diving, paragliding, skydiving, Bungee jumping etc.
Top destinations for Adventure tourism in India are mentioned below:
- Himachal Pradesh
- Andaman & Nicobar
Birth Tourism means when an individual moves from his home country to another country to give birth to a child, in order to get citizenship rights and other social benefits for self and child in the alien country.Generally, this is practiced by the wealthy circles of politically, socially and economically backward countries.This is done save guard the future of the child and self in all aspects.
Top countries for Birth Tourism :
- United Kingdom
- United States
- New Zealand
When an individual moves from his home place to new place for the purpose of business it is called Business Tourism. Business Tourism is one of the top sources of revenue generation for many countries. People traveling for the purpose of Business generally attend meetings, incentives, conference and exhibitions which are held in other countries.some of the top Mice shows are mentioned below.
Top Mice movements :
- Auto Expo Germany
- The Futurists
- Led Expo India
- Trade Fair India
EcoTourism is a broad category of tourism, it involves various subtypes of tourism within itself namely wildlife, geo, and agritourism.It involves traveling to places mainly for the flora, fauna, local cuisine, and local settlements.Ecotourism works towards the conservation of nature and biodiversity. It also promotes responsible travel, which can be initiated by minimum destruction, environmental growth, adventure, and preaching sustainable ways of living on the planet.In the process, ecotourism glorifies offbeat places, their rich culture, and centuries-old traditions. The advantages are many; we as a traveler get to live moments, and nature as a whole gets to live.You can enjoy ecotourism where people are sensitive about nature and has taken good initiatives to save it.
Top Ecotourism places in India
- Himachal Pradesh
Medical Tourism :
When an individual(patient)travels from his home country to another country for the medical procedures, treatment etc it is termed as Medical Tourism.In earlier days people from developing or underdeveloped countries used to travel to developed countries for the medical treatment. Nowadays trend has reversed citizens of rich and developed countries are traveling to developing or underdeveloped countries to get access to economical medical treatments. India also attracts millions of foreign nationals for high-class medical procedures.
Top Countries for medical treatments:
- USA (Developed)
- United Kingdom(Developed)
Religious Tourism :
It is one of the oldest kinds of tourism, people from ancient era also used to take religious tourism. Let’s understand it.When an individual travels from his home place to another place for spiritual, religious praying, offering or any religious ceremony it is called religious tourism. India being the land of diversity, a house of a billion people with the diverse religious belief is not only a religious place of interest for Indian but also to many others from different countries.
Top 5 religious places in India
- Golden Temple
- Jama Masjid